Skip to content

Century of Invention – The first Computer

There's been cited as calling in the computing world when discussing what was the first computer invented.

For years, the accepted pioneer belonging to the digital age was the ENIAC, short for Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer, perhaps because craze associated with growth was one worthy for tabloids and tv.

As World War II was creating any close, the Army had run in need of mathematicians and were willing to recruit women. Six women were accepted function with on "Project PX" at the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School of Electrical Engineering, under John Mauchly and new inventions J. Presper Eckert. The women's job were to program firing tables and ballistic trajectories using ENIAC. Their work laid the groundwork for shows. The completed machine was unveiled on Feb. 14, 1946 at the University of Pennsylvania. The military had funded the price tag of almost $500,000. It occupied about 1,800 square feet and used about 18,000 vacuum tubes, weighing almost 50 a lot. It is widely considered to function as first computer invented, considering its highly functional status from the late 1950s.

However, its "first" status was challenged in court when Rand Corp. bought the ENIAC patent and started charging royalties. Honeywell Corporation. refused to pay and challenged the patent in 1968. It was learned that Mauchly, amongst the leaders of the Project PX at the University of Pennsylvania, had seen early prototype of a system being built in the Iowa State College called the Atanasoff-Berry Computer.

Professor John Vincent Atanasoff and graduate student Cliff Berry began development along at the ABC in 1937 and it always been developed until 1942 at the Iowa State College (now Iowa State University). Eventually, it could solve equations containing 29 variables.

In 1973, Ough.S. Federal Judge Earl R. Larson released his decision that the ENIAC patent by Mauchly and Eckert was invalid and also the ABC was the first computer found. However, the ABC was never fully functional, innovation so the best selling opinion to the present day has the ENIAC as the first electronic computing device. The Smithsonian Institute's Museum of American History in Washington displays most of what remains of the ENIAC, alongside fecal material the ABC.

However, there's another twist how to get a patent On an idea this tale. The most basic computer is an electronic digital device designed to data, perform prescribed mathematical and logical operations and display the results. Germany's Konrad Zuse created what was essentially the first programmable calculator in the mid-1930s in his parent's living room. Zuse's Z1 had 64-word memory and a clock speed of 1 Hz. Programming the the Z1 required the user to insert tape into a punch tape reader and then receive his results the punch tape dispenser - making it possibly the first computer invented.